Most Swiss agreements are concluded under the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). In addition, Switzerland also has the right to negotiate free trade agreements without efTA participation, as has been the case, for example, with China, Japan and the Faroe Islands. The ongoing implementation of these agreements obliges Switzerland to adopt relevant EU legislation in the covered sectors. These agreements cover a wide range of topics, including the free movement of persons, Schengen/Dublin, agriculture and air transport, agriculture, research, statistics, free trade and customs services. Cooperation between the EU and Switzerland is based on a set of 120 bespoke agreements, 25 of which could be considered the main bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU. Free trade agreements are international treaties between two parties (countries or transnational groups) to ensure free trade. The manufacture of products in the Country of Origin in Switzerland should not be subject to the use of primary materials that do not meet the criteria of the country of origin which are subject to restitution or suspension of customs duties (for example. B, goods imported and re-exported to the processing facility). This rule does not apply to agreements with Singapore, South Korea, SACU, Canada, Japan, Colombia and Peru. Free trade agreements have reduced the price of products for Swiss consumers and broadened the supply.
At the same time, Swiss producers benefit from lower prices for half-products and raw materials. In the February 2014 Swiss referendum on immigration, a federal popular initiative «against mass immigration,» Swiss voters narrowly approved measures to restrict the free movement of foreign nationals to Switzerland. The European Commission said it needed to examine the impact of the result on EU-Swiss relations.  Due to Switzerland`s refusal to grant the free movement of people to Croatia, the EU has only accepted Switzerland`s access to the Erasmus programme for student mobility as a `partner country`, as opposed to a `partner country`, and the EU has frozen negotiations on access to the EU electricity market. On 4 March 2016, Switzerland and the EU signed a treaty extending the agreement on the free movement of persons in Croatia, which led to the full readmission of Switzerland to Horizon 2020, a European financial framework for research and development.  The treaty was ratified on 26 April by the National Council provided that a solution was found for the implementation of the 2014 referendum.  The contract was adopted in December 2016.  This allowed Switzerland to return to Horizon 2020 on 1 January 2017. In 2004, a series of sectoral agreements (known as «bilateral II») were signed, including Switzerland`s participation in Schengen and Dublin, as well as agreements on the taxation of savings, processed agricultural products, statistics, anti-fraud, participation in the EU media programme and the Environment Agency. These bilateral agreements between the EU and Switzerland are currently managed by some 20 joint committees.
Most (but not all) Swiss free trade agreements contain such a rule. This means that the determination of the country of origin of primary materials from a third country is not taken into account, provided that their value does not exceed 10% of the factory starting price. However, if a percentage rule is established in the list, it cannot be exceeded by the application of the general value tolerance.